10 Cultural harshest in the World

Minggu, 24 Agustus 2014

Indonesian News One - Community Ya'ahowu Nias South. In the history of human civilization there is always an abomination and cruelty. Even murder has existed since humans first arrived on Earth. But some of them make cruelty, as part of their culture. Edition discusses the 10 civilizations that have a culture that is cruel.

10 Kingdom of Celtic
Celtic Empire
Celtic Empire
Celtic has a great reputation as a head hunter, and well-known for putting their victim's head on the train, and in front of their house. Many of the Celts fought naked to surprise their enemies. It is also well known for their long iron sword: "They cut off the head of an enemy in battle and hang it on the necks of their horses. The blood-stained spoils they hand it over to their attendants and sing a song of victory, and they nailed the enemy head on top of their homes, just like the hunter who put the head of the prey. They smear the cedar oil on his head famous for later on preserved so it can be shown to strangers as pride and say this is the head of their ancestors, or his father, or the name of the owner's own head.
9. Civilization Maori
Maori Civilization
Maori Civilization
The Maori were the first settlers Island of New Zealand which has been inhabited for centuries before the arrival of Europeans. They have been known to practice 'cannibalism' (actors cannibals; was a phenomenon in which the living creatures eat other similar creatures) during the war. In October, 1809 a European convict ship was attacked by a large group of Maori warriors, as an act of revenge for the mistreatment of a chief's son. Maori killed as many as 66 people in it, and bring the dead and living victims of the boat and back to shore to be eaten. Only a few survived, including that found in the hideout of the mast, so terrible when they see their friends being eaten by Maori overnight.
8. Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
Mongols were considered barbarians and savages. They dominate Europe and Asia and recognizable nickname circuitry cavalry, led by one of the greatest military commanders in history, Genghis Khan. They are very disciplined and controlled use of bows and arrows on horseback. They used a composite bow that could rip the cloak of war, and also adept at using spears and scimitars. They are masters of psychological warfare and intimidation, and built the second largest empire that ever existed. It all started when Temujin (later known as Genghis Khan), vowed in his youth to put the world under his feet. He almost succeeded. Then he set his sights on China, and the rest is history. From Vietnam to Hungary, the Mongol Empire was the largest empire in the history of mankind.
7 Apache Tribe
Apache Tribes
Apache Tribes
Apache ninja like America. They will sneak up behind you and slit your throat, without you knowing it. They used primitive weapons made mostly of wood and bone. They are the greatest knife fighters the world has ever seen, and adept at using the tomahawk and throwing ax. They spread terror in the Southwest region of the United States, and even the military had trouble beating them. They are the best guerrilla fighters, and their descendants teach modern military forces on how to fight with bare hands. They usually scalped their victims.
6. Viking kingdom
Viking Empire
Viking Empire
They spread terror in Europe by conducting raids and looting (although not all of them). They are ferocious in battle and use the ideal weapon to their stature. They have great body posture and always use axes, swords and spears as well as experts in conquering the city. Even their religion about the war, they believe that when you die in battle, will be raised once again in a battle that never ends. They are ideal soldiers who will destroy anything in its path.
5. North Korea
Korea Utara
North Korea
Those caught stealing food or trying to cross the border, were awarded a penalty in front of the residents. Kim is continuing his lavish lifestyle and military obsession, despite the economy collapsed. In North Korea, he and his father deified, regarded as the savior of the universe. 250,000 dissidents are put into "re-education camps". He has waged a war against South Korea that involved the murder of South Korean leaders and blowing up South Korean airliner. He presents a great threat to the world in terms of nuclear warfare, having persuaded the Soviet Union to provide a nuclear reactor, in 1984.
4. Roman Empire
Roman Empire
Roman Empire
While Rome may be the biggest empire, you can not ignore the horror. Criminals, slaves and others were forced to fight each other to the death in gladiator game. Some of the most evil people in the history of the Roman - Caligula , Nero and others. Christian was the first group, targeted to be persecuted, by the emperor Nero, in 64 AD . Some torn apart by dogs, others burnt alive as human torches. At first, they were led by the kings, then became a republic (perhaps their greatest heyday) before finally becoming an empire. How a group of farmers, who began fending off wolves to protect their livestock, eventually became the largest empire in history is legend. Coupled with the military system and excellent administration, the Roman Empire, or rather ancient Rome, is also one of the longest reign. calculated from its founding to the fall of the Byzantine Empire, ancient Rome lasted for 2,214 years.
3 Aztec Empire
Aztec Empire
Aztec Empire
The Aztecs began their elaborate theocracy in the year 1300, and brought human sacrifice to a golden era. Approximately 20,000 people are killed each year to appease gods - especially the sun god, who need "food" of blood every day. Victim's heart was cut, and some bodies were eaten during the ceremony. Other victims drowned, beheaded, burned or dropped from a height. In a rite to the rain god, screaming children killed in some altar so that their tears might cause rain. In a ritual for corn goddess, a virgin danced for 24 hours, then killed and skinned, skin worn by a priest who went on dancing. One source said that the King Ahuitzotl's coronation, 80,000 prisoners were slaughtered to please the gods. It is said that sometimes victims will be eaten.
2. Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
Although very brief civilization, Nazi, Germany is a superpower, and greatly affect the world. At least 4 million people died in the Holocaust (with some speculation is closer to 11 million), and Nazi Germany started the worst war in human history - World War II. The Nazi swastika symbol is probably the most hated in the world. Nazi Germany had about 268 829 square kilometers of land. Hitler is one of the most influential people who ever existed, so far, one of the most frightening.
1. Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Communism is responsible for more deaths of millions of people, even from Nazi Germany. Communists such as Josef Stalin, Mao Zedong, Pol Pot, Nicolae Ceausescu and others have killed millions of people. But the Soviet Union is the worst. Stalin, alone, killing 1-60 million people. The Soviet Union was probably one of the biggest enemies of the United States. Living under the leadership of Stalin's many citizens suffer from fear, thus making the Soviet Union worse than Nazi Germany, where the majority of Germany felt the level of safety as long as they support the concept of the Nazis.
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Island beauty idols Jambi

Indonesian News One - The idol has panaroma ISLAND white sand beaches and volcanic rock that is very beautiful with a location very close to the buffer zone Berbak National Park. Island covering an area of ​​approximately 10 square kilometers in the western part has a sloping beach and the eastern part has rock cliffs are quite steep. In a state of low tide the island is surrounded by idols can walk within 6 hours.



The island is inhabited by 9 Head Family from Riau Malay livelihood as a fisherman. The entire hill that has an altitude of about 2,000 meters. contained in the central part of the island and here encountered two historical and cultural heritage, including the Tomb of Datuk Paduko Berhalo.


By walking down the hill through the path + 150 meters we will find the tomb of a developer Islam in Jambi, Salim Ahmad Paduko The dubbed Datuk Berhalo. He menukah with Jambi princess, Princess conformable Pinang Cook who both later ruled the kingdom of Jambi.


There is also a relic Fortress Japan on one of the hills on the island of these idols.


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The beauty of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur, the largest Buddhist temple CENTURY IN-9

Who does not know Borobudur? This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in its complex. Millions of people are yearning to visit the buildings included in this World WonderHeritages. Not surprisingly, since architecturally and functionally, as a place of worship, Borobudur is attractive.


Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the king of the ancient Mataram kingdom, the descendants Dynasty dynasty. Based Kayumwungan inscription, an Indonesian named Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship that was completed on 26 May 824, almost one hundred years since the early days was built. The name of Borobudur, as some people means a mountain having terraces (budhara), while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on the high place.


Punden terraces Borobudur-shaped building consists of 10 levels. Height 42 meters before it was renovated and 34.5 meters after the renovation because the lowest level was used as a buffer. Six lowest level of a square and three levels on top of a circle and the highest levels of Buddhist stupa facing to the west. Each level represents the stages of human life. Appropriate school of Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level as the Buddha had to through every level of the life.

The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Four levels above referred Rupadhatu symbolizes man who had to break free from lust but still bound manner and form. At these levels, a statue of Buddha placed open. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupas are laid in holes called Arupadhatu, symbolizing human beings that have been free from lust, appearance, and shape. The top part is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.

Each terrace has beautiful relief panels showing how skillful. Relief that will be read coherently when you walk in a clockwise direction (towards the left of the entrance of the temple). In the reliefs of Borobudur tells of a legendary story, the Ramayana. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of society at that time. For example, relief of farmers' activity reflecting the advance of agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of navigation that time was based in Bergotta (Semarang).

All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect Buddha's teachings. Hence, this temple functions as educating the media for people who want to learn Buddhism. YogYES invites you to surround each of the narrow alleys of Borobudur in order to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist from India in the 10th century once visited this temple that was built 3 centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and 4 centuries before the Grand Cathedrals in Europe.


Thanks to visiting Borobudur and having supply of Buddha teaching script from Serlingpa (King of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. He became abbot Vikramasila and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts of Serlingpa was condensed into a core doctrine called "The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment" or better known as Bodhipathapradipa.

One of the questions still unanswered about Borobudur is how the condition around candiketika built and why the temple was found buried in a state. Some say Borobudur initially stood surrounded by a swamp and then buried by the eruption of Merapi. Calcutta is essentially the inscription reads 'Amawa' means sea of milk. The word is then interpreted as lava of Merapi. Some other says that Borobudur buried by cold lava.


With all the grandeur and mystery that is, only natural that many people of the world penjru enter Borobudur as a place worth visiting in his life. Besides enjoying the temple, you can walk around to the villages around Borobudur, like Karanganyar and Wanurejo to see the activities of people make crafts. You can also go to the top of the watu Kendil to be able to view the panorama from the top of Borobudur. Wait what? No need to worry about an earthquake May 27, 2006, because of Borobudur is not affected at all.

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Baron Beach Yogyakarta



   

Indonesian News One

   Rows of beach south of Yogyakarta which stretches from west to east it has a special attraction for the tourists. The beaches offer the sheer beauty of each to visit. There are offers seafood, sunset scenery, white sand, and various other uniqueness.

          
Similarly, the Baron Beach. This beach refused to budge to be a beautiful beach to visit. Baron beach offers beautiful scenery and seafood dishes that pamper the tongue. No wonder that the beach is a favorite of tourists in addition to other beaches that became a row of beach Baron, namely Siung, and Sundak. In fact, Baron Beach is not less beautiful with beaches in other areas such as Parangtritis, Depok, Glagah, and other beaches.



      Baron Beach is located in the district of Gunungkidul, precisely in Kemadang, Tanjungsari District. As the southern beaches other Yogyakarta, Baron Beach has great waves so that the tourists are not allowed to pass through the specified limits and must be careful if you want to swim at this beach.

The beach is actually a bay flanked by two hills on the right and left sides. Endless brown sand along the coast. On top of the sand, lined fishing boats back to sea. The ships were returning from fishing or fishing is at rest when the season has not yet arrived. Baron Beach is indeed a dock for the fishermen to leave and go home to make a living. Thus, in the coastal area is also equipped with a Fish Auction (TPI) as the market fishermen to sell their catch.


No less interesting is the journey to this beach. Along the way to the beach Baron, you will be treated to views of the rural nature of the exotic and unspoiled. The hills, fields, and green natural landscape will make the eyes become more fresh. Winding roads and up and down will be an exciting driving experience.

In Baron beach, you can swim as much as long as it does not pass through the outer limits specified. Because, however, this beach has big waves. You can play as much sand, enjoying the sticky body due to sea water, or enjoy the salty sea breeze blows strong. Once satisfied playing sea water, you can bathe in the mouth of the underground river is located on the beach. Underground river water is quite fresh. Unlike the river that we know usually, this is far from the pollution of the river because the river flows underground.


  Play sand and bathing is fun, but it would be less if it does not taste the taste seafood catches of the fishermen. A variety of restaurants that exist in coastal areas provide a variety of seafood that you can enjoy at an affordable price. If you want to cook their own fish, you can buy it at TPI, which is also around this beach. Of course, there are fish there are still fresh because it comes directly from the sea beside him.


Two hills that flank the beach is a campground that you can use if you like adventure and want to enjoy the natural atmosphere the night Baron Beach. From the top of the hill, visible sea stretching, a hill which is across the other, and the boats are white and blue are lined up neatly. The hills in the coastal region is suitable for use as a location for cross-country or trekking. You will be challenged when up and down the hill surface is composed of these rocks.


The scenery will be beautiful beach at dusk, when the sky began to yellowish red and the sun slowly go down before finally disappearing. For those of you who like twilight, not necessarily to lose enjoy the sunset on this beach. From the hills to the left, dusk panorama will look more beautiful.



Administratively, Baron Beach is located in Kemadang, Tanjungsari District, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Location of this beach is about 65 km from Yogyakarta direction or 20 miles to the south of Wonosari.

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Mountains Nature London



Indonesian News One

In the cool mountains of South London, many natural attractions that could be your destination this weekend. One of them is the popular Situ Patengan, there is also a call to Situ Situ Patengang or Patenggang. According to one of the officers guard the ticket writer had asked the correct name is Patengan Situ, derived from the word pateangan-teangan (b. Sundanese) which means looking each other.


It is said, the days of yore there was a young couple named Santang and Goddess Rengganis. Both love each other. Until one day something happens that separates the two. The power of love between the two is not discouraging to find each other. Until one day these two lovers Meet back at a large rock, now called Stone Love. As a form of gratitude for the meeting with her ​​lover, Santang made ​​lake and a boat to the Goddess Rengganis. It is said that the boat was then became a small island called Pulau Sasaka, now better known as the island of Asmara. While the lake is now called Situ Patengan (Situ, in Indonesian means lake).


The legend to add the attractiveness of tourist attraction Situ Patengan. In fact, many believe, the couple who want a lasting relationship can sail in Situ Patengan and stop on the island of Asmara and Stone Love.


Thence Patengan located in the middle of tea plantations Rancabali Bandung regency. From Bandung distance of about 47 kilometers, which can be reached by the time between 2-3 hours depending on the level of traffic congestion. For those of you who are from out of town with private vehicles can exit the toll booth toward Ciwidey Kopo. Can also use public transport, length of terminal Leuwi there Bandung bus Ciwidey majors. Of Ciwidey, which is the main gateway to several attractions South London trip can be followed by other public transportation.

Patengan there had actually been managed since the Dutch era. Now the natural lake located in the area of Perhutani is managed by the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA).


Besides can see the natural beauty of the mountains and the expanse of tea gardens, you can also hire a boat to sail around Situ. Boats can be rented from local residents who rent, there are paddle boats or motorized boat. Satisfied sail around Situ, can stop in a shady Sasaka island with lots of shady trees. Then cross over to Stone Love.


In Situ Patengan region also contained camping ground. Suitable for family holidays with camping around Situ. Many companies from Bandung and Jakarta to conduct outbound employees at this place.

Existing facilities in Situ Patengan quite complete as a large parking area, restrooms, musola, restaurants, and shops selling souvenirs. You and your family to bring food from home, can rent a mat and spread it under the shady trees. Fresh atmosphere around Situ will make you and family comfortable eating food that has been prepared.

After enjoying the atmosphere Situ Patengan, you can visit other attractions in one direction and closely spaced as: Thermal Baths Walini, Ranca Upas and Kawah Putih. It is not simply a day to enjoy all the natural beauty of the mountains of South London. So many natural attractions in the region. Have a great weekend.

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The beauty of Mount Rinjani NTB


Indonesian News One

Mount Rinjani is a mountain located on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Mountain is the second highest volcano in Indonesia with an altitude of 3,726 m above sea level and is located at a latitude 8º25 'LS and 116º28' BT is a favorite for mountain climbers Indonesia for its beautiful scenery.



This mountain is part of the Mount Rinjani National Park which has an area of about 41,330 ha and the proposed addition is that this will be a 76,000 ha to the west and east. And this time Mount Rinjani is the most famous mountain of Indonesia in foreign countries.




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Natural beauty of the island of Komodo, NTT


Indonesian News One

For those of you who like to travel, you definitely do not want to spend an impressive tourist attraction all over the archipelago. Adventure to exotic islands, dive into the blue sea and bathed in sunshine will make your holiday unforgettable. Imagine, you also have the opportunity to see the traces of past life are preserved, as well as participate

maintain its sustainability. You and the family is not only home to enjoy its natural attractions, but also proud to be a part of the diverse beauty of Indonesia. And here, at the Komodo Island National Park, East Nusa Tenggara, you will get it all.

Komodo Island is located at the westernmost tip of East Nusa Tenggara province bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara. Exactly at Komodo district, West Manggarai regency, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Since 1980, an area of ​​1,817 km2 National Park was made by the Government of Indonesia, which is then recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986 Together with two other large islands, namely the island of Rinca and Padar, Komodo Island and several small islands around it continued to be maintained as native habitat reptile, dubbed "Komodo Dragon" it.

Bears the Latin name Varanus komodoensis and local name "Ora", giant lizards, according to a story first published in 1912 in a national daily the Dutch East Indies. Peter A. Ouwens, director of the Zoological Museum in Bogor is one that has been introduced to the world through his paper dragons it. Since then, expeditions and research on endangered species continue to be done, even reportedly inspired the film KingKong in 1933 Recognizing the need for protection against the dragon in the center of human activity on the natural habitat, in 1915 the Dutch government issued a ban on hunting and killing dragons.

Thanks to the efforts of government and local communities in conserving the national park, tourists can now visit and see up close the lives of these ancient reptiles. With a body length of 2-3 meters,   Komodo dragons can weigh up to 70-100 pounds. Animals are like the hot and dry or savanna habitats of tropical forests at low altitudes. When night fell, dragons nest in the hole with the 1-3 meter while keeping body heat at night. As carnivores are at the top of the food chain, prey Komodo include goats, deer, wild pigs, and birds. In certain circumstances, can behave cannibal with Komodo dragons prey on others. By relying on the sense of smell on his tongue, the Komodo dragon can smell carrion prey as far as 9 kilometers. Bite that can contain bacteria and deadly, plus a sharp front claws are natural weapons. In addition, the dragons were able to run 20 kilometers per hour in short distances, climbing trees, swimming, and even diving.

Just like other reptiles, the Komodo dragon reproduce by laying eggs. However, research has shown there are other ways to regenerate dragons, namely by means of parthenogenesis. This method allows the female dragons to produce fertilized eggs without the male. Komodo dragon parthenogenesis alleged to have been saved from extinction since thousands of years ago. However, habitat destruction, volcanic activity, earthquakes, fires, poaching indicated to have resulted in a decrease in the population of dragons to some extent vulnerable to extinction. It is estimated that there are 4-5 thousand dragons tail with the presence of productive females only numbered in the hundreds. Such a condition is a challenge for conservation efforts Komodo Island National Park.
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Enchantment Beauty of Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua


Indonesian News One - Raja Ampat archipelago in West Papua is very beautiful, the beauty of this island is famous throughout the entire world with the beauty of the beach, ocean, marine life, tropical climate and lush trees combined beauty and still beautiful.

Some tourists seemed engrossed in eating and chatting casually as he looked off toward the sea dominated blue, green, and white. The colors that appear due to the influence of coral reefs on the shallow sea floor and inside. They were enjoying lunch at Papua Diving Resort, the waters of West Irian Jaya.

Hot sun and bright air makes exasperated guests to dive and dive again. Sunlight penetrates the cracks often waves to coral sea. The beauty of the scenery and marine life did make a lasting impression for tourists. For lovers of coastal tourism and underwater fanatic, Raja Ampat is very well known even considered the best in the world for quality of coral reefs.


Many international underwater photographers capture the charm of the sea Raja Ampat. Some even come over and over again and make a special book about the beauty of coral reefs and marine life of this region. Mid-2006, a special team of the world's leading scientific adventure magazine, National Geographic, made ​​coverage in Raja Ampat that will become a major report in 2007.


Raja Ampat is a fraction of Sorong regency, since 2003 the district has a population of 31,000 souls has 610 islands (only 35 islands are inhabited) with a total area of about 46,000 km2, but only 6,000 km2 of land, 40,000 km2 in the sea. The islands are unspoiled and beautiful sea is still making a direct tourists hooked. They seemed to want to explore the waters in the "Bird's Head" New Guinea.


This region had become the target of hunters reef fish by means of bombing and cyanide poison to spread. However, there are still many people who seek to protect the region so that the wealth of the sea could be saved. Coral reefs in Raja Ampat marine rated most comprehensive in the world. Of the world's 537 species of coral, 75 percent were in these waters. Also found 1104 species of fish, 669 species of molluscs (soft animals), and 537 species of coral animals. Incredible.


The World Bank in collaboration with global environmental institutions establish Raja Ampat as one region in East Indonesia, which received assistance Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program (Coremap) II, since 2005 In Raja Ampat, this program covers 17 villages and involve the local population. Fishermen are also trained to cultivate grouper and seaweed.

Papua Diving, the only exotic resort that offers underwater tours in the region, visited by tourists diving enthusiasts at home for days and even up to a month-ford the contours of the sea floor. They seemed to not want to go back to their own countries because they get an "island paradise second to none on this earth".


Managers not easy to prepare a place for tourists. Maximillian J Ammer, owner of Dutch citizens of Papua Diving Resort is also a pioneer of marine tourism drive this region, need desperately to set up various facilities to attract tourists from abroad. Since he started his business eight years ago, a lot of funds must be spent. However, the results are also satisfactory. Each year the resort is visited at least 600 special tourist who spent an average of two weeks.

Lodging is very simple that only a walled and roofed woven palm leaves that cost a minimum of 75 euro or Rp 900,000 a night. If you want to dive must pay 30 euros or approximately USD 360,000 was diving at a particular location. Most tourists come from Europe. Only a few tourists from Indonesia to stay and dive in there.

"Tourists dive almost every day because the dive sites are very wide and varied. Coral reefs are varied so much choice and invite curiosity. There are tourists who are aged 80 years is still strong diving, "said Max Ammer who married women Manado.

Three years ago, Papua Diving build a modern inn not far from the first location. Apparently, the inn was built by relying on local building materials are almost always fully booked. Though the charge reaches 225 euros, or about Rp 2.7 million per night. At the new location, equipped with modern equipment, including international telephone and internet facilities.
Tourists to the Raja Ampat Diving just want to Papua on the island because of the facilities and valet Mansuar are of international standard, also the food. They landed at the airport Domne Eduard Osok, Sorong, directly to the location of the fast boats with a capacity of about 10 people at a rate of Rp 3.2 million each way. It takes about 3-4 hours to reach Mansuar.

Like the other islands, Mansuar looks beautiful because of its forests are still awake and the seawater was so clean of marine life which is not far from the surface can be seen clearly. Tourists enough to swim or snorkelling to see the beauty of the sea, whereas if you want to directly observe the beauty of marine life in depth, they should dive.
Local residents involved in the development and management of the resort, even 90 of the 100 employees are citizens of Papua. Residents also supplies fish, vegetables, fruits, and others. One of the tour package to visit the village to see typical local plants and animals, including birds of paradise. Many tourists who become donors of the church building and education of children around the Man-flare.

Max Ammer is committed to improving the economy and the skills of local residents. They are trained in foreign languages ​​and use scuba gear. Tourists feel safe at any time of day or night while enjoying hot and sunsets as well as swimming and diving in the deep sea.
In addition to marine and fisheries, Raja Ampat has a wealth of natural resources, including oil and nickel. On the seabed there are also many ships foundered former World War II is estimated to contain "treasure trove" of high value. However, if mismanaged, it is feared exploitation activities threaten the preservation and natural beauty of the sea.
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